Nepal is graphically located between two populous countries of the world India in the east south and west and by Tibet (an autonomous region of China) in the north, at the longitude 80.4’to 88.12’east and latitude 26.22’ to 30.27’north.The republic is roughly rectangular in shape and has an area of 147.181 square kilometres.
On the basis of its physical setting, Nepal has been broadly divided into three ecological zones/regions: the Mountain, the Hills and the Terai. The physical feature of the country varies from the lowland tropical plains to perpetual snowy ranges above 8000m.
Administrative Zone: There are 5 development regions and 75 administrative districts in the country. District is further divided into village development committees and municipalities
Climate: Its topographic extremities govern the climatic condition of Nepal, Tropical, temperate and tundra types of climate are encountered in different altitudes of country.
River: Most of the rivers in Nepal originate in the Himalayas. Glaciers are the sources of the big rivers of Nepal. The river system has a north south direction of the Himalayas. The three major rivers of the country are the Koshi, The Gandaki, and the Karnali.
Vegetation: Vegetation types in Nepal range from the tropical luxuriance in the south to the alpine zone in the north. Nepal 29 percent of land area is covered by forests, About 850 species of birds, 175 species of mammals, 63 species of reptiles, 20 species of amphibians and 170 species of fishes have been recorded in Nepal.
People : Human settlement is sparse in the Himalayan region due to harsh environmental conditions, the Hills regions is the traditionally the populated zone of the country, the Terai region due to its comparative advantage in transportation and agriculture resources has led to population other regions. Nepal is multiethnic and multilingual country. The last census of the county counted a total population of 25 million.